How to Pray Zuhr, (Four rakats)
 

                      In order to perform a Four rakats Prayer, you have to perform step 1 - 29

                              (In GREEN the Arabic words are given which have to recite in salat)
 

                                                        Step 1

                      Make a sincere intention to perform the prayers purely for the sake
                      of Allah. Say to yourself (in any language) that you intend to offer
                      this Salat (Fajr) Fard or  Sunnat and the number of rakats
                      (example- "I intend to offer Four rakats of Fard, Zuhr, Asr or Isha
                      prayer for Allah").

                      This posture is called qiyam and it is assumed after having made
                      the intention to pray. Raising both hands up to the ears (palms
                      facing the Qiblah) "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") is said.
 
 

                                                        Step 2

                      Next this position is assumed by holding the left hand with the
                      right hand on top and following prayers are recited:

                         1.Thana (or Sana)

                           "Subhanaka Allah humma wa bihamdika, wa tabaraka ismuka,
                           wa ta'ala jadduka, wa la ilaha ghairuk"

                           "Praise and glory be to you O Allah. Blessed be Your Name,
                           exalted be Your Majesty and Glory. There is no God but You"
                         2.Ta'awadh

                           "Audu bi Allah i mina ashaitan i errajeem"

                           "I seek Allah's shelter from Satan, the condemned"

                         3.Tasmiah

                           "Bismillah i rrahman i erraheem"

                           "In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful."
 

                         4.Al-Fatihah, and any short surah or a few verses from the
                           Holy Quran.

                           "Al humdo lil-lahi rab-bil al ala-meen. Arrahman i rraheem.
                           Maliki yaum i eddeen. Iyyaka nabudu wa iyyaka nasta een.
                           Ihdinas sirata almustaqeem. Siratal lazhina anamta alaihim,
                           ghairil maghdubi alaihim, wa la adhdhaal leen. (Aameen)"

                           "Praise be to Allah, The Cherisher and Sustainer of the
                           Worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of
                           Judgment. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek.
                           Show us the straight way, the way of those on whom Thou
                           hast bestowed Thy Grace, Those whose (portion) is not
                           wrath, And who go not astray."
                         5.A short Sura or a few verses from the Holy Quran - examples
                           are given in the last chapter of this guide.
 

                                                        Step 3

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar"(the back & leg should be perpendicular to
                      each other) this position is assumed as shown in the figure. This
                      position is called ruku and the prayers as given are recited (three
                      times).

                      "Subhana rabbiya al azeem"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Great"
 
 
 

                                                        Step 4

                      While going back to qiyam position the first prayer, as given below,
                      is said. Then having taken this position the second prayer is said:

                      "Samia Allah u liman hamidah"

                      "Allah listens to him who praises Him"

                      "Rabbana wa laka al hamd"

                      "Our Lord, praise be for you only"
 

                                                        Step 5

                      This position is called sujood. Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") one prostrates as shown and then the prayer below is
                      said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glory to Allah, the Exalted".
 
 

                                                        Step 6

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") and rising from the Sujood
                      position, this posture called Juloos is assumed
                      and the prayer below is said:

                      "'Rabbi eghfir lee wa rhamnee"

                      "O my Lord, forgive me and have Mercy on
                      me"
 
 
 
 

                                                        Step 7

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") the sujood position
                      is re-assumed and the prayer below is recited (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glory to Allah, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                        Step 8

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") this position of
                      qiyam is assumed once again to begin the second rakat, and the
                      following prayers are recited:

                      Al-Fatihah, and Any short surah or some verses of the Holy Quran.
 
 
 
 
 

                                                        Step 9

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar", this position is assumed as shown in the
                      figure. This position is called ruku and the prayers as given are
                      recited (three times).

                      "Subhana rabbiya al azeem"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Great"
                                                       Step 10

                      While going back to qiyam position the first prayer, as given below,
                      is said. Then having taken this position prayer the second is said:

                      "Samia Allah u liman hamidah"

                      "Allah listens to him who praises Him"

                      "Rabbana wa laka al hamd"

                      "Our Lord, praise be for you only"
 

                                                       Step 11

                      This position is called sujood. Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") one prostrates as shown and then the prayer below is
                      said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                       Step 12

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") and rising from the sujood position,
                      this posture is assumed and the prayer below
                      is said:

                      "Rabbi eghfir lee wa rhamnee"

                      "O my Lord, forgive me and have Mercy on
                      me"
 
 
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 13

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") the sujood position
                      is re-assumed and the prayer below is said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glory to Allah, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                       Step 14

                      In this posture these prayers are to be
                      recited:

                         1."Tashahud

                           "Attahiyat u lil Allah i wa assalawat u
                           wa attaiyibat. Assalam u a'laika aiyoha
                           annabiyyu wa rahmat u Allah i wa
                           barakatuh. Assalam u a'laina wa a'la
                           ebadi e llahi essaliheen.
 

                           (move your first finger up and down as
                           shown while reciting the last part of
                           Tashahud)

 

                           Ashehadu alla ilaha illa Allah u wa
                           ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa
                           rasooluh.

                           "All our oral, physical and monetary
                           ways of worship are only for Allah.
                           Peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be
                           on you, O Prophet. May peace be upon
                           us and on the devout slaves of Allah. I
                           testify that there is no God but Allah
                           and I testify that Muhammad is His
                           slave and messenger".
 
 

                                                       Step 15

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") this position of
                      qiyam is assumed once again to begin the second rakat, and the
                      following prayers are recited:

                      Al-Fatihah only .(NO QURANIC SURAH AFTER SURAH FATHIA)
 
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 16

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar", this position is assumed as shown in the
                      figure. This position is called ruku and the prayers as given are
                      recited (three times).

                      "Subhana rabbiya al azeem"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Great"
 
 

                                                       Step 17

                      While going back to qiyam position the first prayer, as given below,
                      is said. Then having taken this position prayer the second is said:

                      "Samia Allah u liman hamidah"

                      "Allah listens to him who praises Him"

                      "Rabbana wa laka al hamd"

                      "Our Lord, praise be for you only"
 
 
 

                                                       Step 18

                      This position is called sujood. Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") one prostrates as shown and then the prayer below is
                      said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                       Step 19

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") and rising from the sujood position,
                      this posture is assumed and the prayer below
                      is said:

                      "Rabbi eghfir lee wa rhamnee"

                      "O my Lord, forgive me and have Mercy on
                      me"
 
 
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 20

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") the sujood position
                      is re-assumed and the prayer below is said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glory to Allah, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                       Step 21

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") this position of
                      qiyam is assumed once again to begin the second rakat, and the
                      following prayers are recited:

                      Al-Fatihah only ( NO QURANI SURAH AFTER SURAH  FATHIA)
 
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 22

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar", this position is assumed as shown in the
                      figure. This position is called ruku and the prayers as given are
                      recited (three times).

                      "Subhana rabbiya al azeem"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Great"
 
 

                                                       Step 23

                      While going back to qiyam position the first prayer, as given below,
                      is said. Then having taken this position prayer the second is said:

                      "Samia Allah u liman hamidah"

                      "Allah listens to him who praises Him"

                      "Rabbana wa laka al hamd"

                      "Our Lord, praise be for you only"
 
 
 

                                                       Step 24

                      This position is called sujood. Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") one prostrates as shown and then the prayer below is
                      said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted"
 
 
 

                                                       Step 25

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the
                      greatest") and rising from the sujood position,
                      this posture is assumed and the prayer below
                      is said:

                      "Rabbi eghfir lee wa rhamnee"

                      "O my Lord, forgive me and have Mercy on
                      me"
 
 
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 26

                      Saying "Allah u Akbar" ("Allah is the greatest") the sujood position
                      is re-assumed and the prayer below is said (three times).

                      "Subhana rubbiyal a'ala"

                      "Glory to Allah, the Exalted"
 
 

                                                       Step 27

                      In this posture these prayers are to be
                      recited:

                         1."Tashahud

                           "Attahiyat u lil Allah i wa assalawat u
                           wa attaiyibat. Assalam u a'laika aiyoha
                           annabiyyu wa rahmat u Allah i wa
                           barakatuh. Assalam u a'laina wa a'la
                           ebadi e llahi essaliheen.
 

                           (move your first finger up and down as
                           shown while reciting the last part of
                           Tashahud)

 

                           Ashehadu alla ilaha illa Allah u wa
                           ashhadu anna Muhammadan abduhu wa
                           rasooluh.

                           "All our oral, physical and monetary
                           ways of worship are only for Allah.
                           Peace, mercy and blessing of Allah be
                           on you, O Prophet. May peace be upon
                           us and on the devout slaves of Allah. I
                           testify that there is no God but Allah
                           and I testify that Muhammad is His
                           slave and messenger".
                         2."Salat Ala An-nabi"

                           "Allah umma salli a'la Muhammadin wa
                           ala aali Muhummadin, kama sallaita ala
                           Ibraheema, wa ala aali Ibraheem,
                           innaka hameedun majeed. Allah u mma
                           barik a'la Muhammadin wa ala aali
                           Muhummadin, kama barakta ala
                           Ibraheema, wa ala aali Ibraheem,
                           innaka h ameedun majeed".

                           "O God send your Mercy on Muhammad
                           and his posterity as you sent Your
                           mercy on Abraham and his posterity.
                           You are the Most Praised, The Most
                           Glorious. O God, send your Blessings on
                           Muhammad and his posterity as you
                           have blessed Abraham and his
                           posterity. You are the Most praised,
                           The Most Glorious".
 

                         3.A short prayer

                           "Rubbana aatina fi uddunya hasanatun
                           wa fi l aakherati hasah, waqina
                           a'zabannar".

                           "Our Lord, grant us the good of this
                           world and that of the Hereafter and
                           save us from the torture of Hell."
 
 
 
 

                                                       Step 28

                      Having said the above mentioned prayers, turning the face to the
                      right. This following prayer is read:

                      "Assalam u a'laikum wa rahmatu Allah".

                      "Peace and mercy of Allah be on you".

                      Note: This Salam (Prayer for Peace) is directed to the angels and the
                      muslims to our right and to the left
 
 

                                                       Step 29

                      Then turning the face to the left, the prayer above is said again:

                      "Assalam u a'laikum wa rahmatu Allah".

                      "Peace and mercy of Allah be on you".
 

                                           SALAT-UL- ZUHAR ENDS

                                                                  *
 

   IMPORTANT POINT TO NOTE FOR ZUHAR

  * holy quran is recited slowly(not loudly) in qiyyam(astanding position)

   *  when imam recites slowly . the followers will have not to recite any
       thing except thanna(sana).

   * If some one is offering prayer of duhar alone,he/she will have to recite
      thanna,sura fathia and any qurani sura.slowly.

   * In first two rakat quranic surah is recited followed by surah fathia but
      in the rest of last two rakats no quranic surah is recited after
      surah-e-fathia.

COMPOSITION OF ZUHAR

  4.rakat sunnah
  4.rakat farz (compulsory)
  2.rakat sunnah
  2 nafil (optional)

TIMING OF ZUHAR

when sun starts declining  after attaing maximum height ,
zuhars' time starts and remains till the shade of any object
become double. it is called mid day prayer.

                                                      knowing exact timing of salat in your country /city

                                                                                                       CLICK HERE